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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Dec;83(24):9739-43.

Oncostatin M: a growth regulator produced by differentiated histiocytic lymphoma cells.


A polypeptide termed oncostatin M, which inhibits the replication of A375 melanoma and other human tumor cells, but not normal human fibroblasts, has been isolated from serum-free supernatants of U-937 histiocytic lymphoma cells that have been induced to differentiate into macrophage-like cells following treatment with the phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. No such growth inhibitory activity is detected in the supernatant of untreated U-937 cells, indicating that the protein is induced or increased in expression in the phorbol ester-induced differentiated cells. Oncostatin M is stable between pH 2 and 11 and after heating for 1 hr at 56 degrees C but is not stable at 90 degrees C. Purification of oncostatin M has been achieved by gel chromatography and reversed-phase HPLC, using sequentially acetonitrile and n-propanol in the presence of aqueous trifluoroacetic acid. The apparent molecular weight of oncostatin M is approximately 18,000, as determined by gel chromatography, and 28,000, as determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The amino-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified polypeptide has been determined. No substantial sequence homology between oncostatin M and other proteins was found, including other tumor cell inhibitory proteins produced by mononuclear cells. Oncostatin M, therefore, appears to represent a distinct cell growth regulator.

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