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Am J Physiol. 1986 Oct;251(4 Pt 1):E422-30.

Heterogeneity of insulin action in muscle: influence of blood flow.


The influence of blood flow (BF) and basal neuromotor tone on in vivo insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (Rg') in muscle was examined using the euglycemic clamp plus deoxyglucose/glucose tracer (insulin action) and labeled microsphere (BF) techniques. Anesthesia was used to produce perturbations in BF and/or activity compared with conscious rats. An index of muscle glycolytic flux (Gf) was estimated from Rg' in excess of glycogen synthesis. Gf and glycogen synthesis were significantly increased in soleus and red gastrocnemius (RG) during insulin infusion (150 mU/l) in conscious rats. Rg' was related to muscle BF in conscious rats (r = 0.92). In anesthetized rats, Rg' and BF were reduced in soleus, RG, red quadriceps, and plantaris (e.g., soleus 69%, P less than 0.001, and 80%, P less than 0.001, respectively). However, it is unlikely that Rg' and BF are causally related because fractional extraction of glucose by muscle was low (approximately 9%); fractional extraction increased during anesthesia (17%, P less than 0.01); BF but not Rg' was reduced by anesthesia in extensor digitorum longus, white gastrocnemius, and white quadriceps; and reduced Rg' during anesthesia in soleus and RG was mainly due to reduced GF. In conclusion, BF is not a major contributor to the heterogeneity in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake among individual muscles under basal conditions. These data suggest that neuromotor tone may indirectly influence the magnitude of muscle glucose uptake during insulin elevation via a substrate switching effect. This may give rise to a significant increase in glycolytic flux of glucose in those muscles that exhibit elevated activity even at rest (e.g., soleus).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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