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Biochem J. 1986 Mar 15;234(3):593-604.

The cloning and sequence analysis of the aspC and tyrB genes from Escherichia coli K12. Comparison of the primary structures of the aspartate aminotransferase and aromatic aminotransferase of E. coli with those of the pig aspartate aminotransferase isoenzymes.

Abstract

In this paper we describe the cloning and sequence analysis of the tyrB and aspC genes from Escherichia coli K12, which encode the aromatic aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase respectively. The tyrB gene was isolated from a cosmid carrying the nearby dnaB gene, identified by its ability to complement a dnaB lesion. Deletion and linker insertion analysis located the tyrB gene to a 1.7-kilobase NruI-HindIII-digest fragment. Sequence analysis revealed a gene encoding a 43 000 Da polypeptide. The gene starts with a GTG codon and is closely followed by a structure resembling a rho independent terminator. The aspC gene was cloned by screening gene banks, prepared from a prototrophic E. coli K12 strain, for plasmids able to complement the aspC tyrB lesions in the aminotransferase-deficient strain HW225. Sub-cloning and deletion analysis located the aspC gene on a 1.8-kilobase HincII-StuI-digest fragment. Sequence analysis revealed the presence of a gene encoding a 43 000 Da protein, the sequence of which is identical with that previously obtained for the aspartate aminotransferase from E. coli B. Considerable overproduction of the two enzymes was demonstrated. We compared the deduced protein sequences with those of the pig mitochondrial and cytoplasmic aspartate aminotransferases. From the extensive homology observed we are able to propose that the two E. coli enzymes possess subunit structures, subunit interactions and coenzyme-binding and substrate-binding sites that are very similar both to each other and to those of the mammalian enzymes and therefore must also have very similar catalytic mechanisms. Comparison of the aspC and tyrB gene sequences reveals that they appear to have diverged as much as is possible within the constraints of functionality and codon usage.

PMID:
3521591
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1146613
Free PMC Article
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