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Am J Med. 1987 Mar;82(3):463-70.

Elevated urinary dolichol excretion in the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. Indicator of lysosomal dysfunction.


The Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, a triad of albinism, platelets lacking dense bodies, and storage of ceroid-like material in tissues, occurs approximately once in 2,000 northwestern Puerto Ricans. The manifestations of storage disease are variable and include granulomatous colitis, restrictive lung disease, kidney failure, and cardiomyopathy. The autofluorescent material stored in the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome is histochemically similar to that stored in neuronal ceroid/lipofuscinosis. The material in neuronal ceroid/lipofuscinosis contains dolichols, which are components of lysosomes, and patients show increased urinary excretion of dolichols. This study of 49 patients with the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome found that urinary dolichol levels are increased in those patients with evidence of ceroid storage in the kidneys but are not elevated when storage occurs in tissues other than the kidneys. The excretion of ceroid was not influenced by the saturation state of dietary fat. A defect in processing of membranes of lysosomes, melanosomes, and dense bodies may be involved in the syndrome.

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