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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1987 Feb;148(2):399-404.

Magnetite albumin microspheres: a new MR contrast material.

Abstract

A superparamagnetic MR contrast agent was synthesized by incorporating 150-250-A particles of magnetite (Fe3O4, Fe2O3) in 1-5 microns human serum albumin microspheres. Magnetite albumin microspheres (MAM) target almost exclusively to the reticuloendothelial system after IV administration, are stable in vitro and in vivo, and possess a long shelf life. The agent has a large magnetic susceptibility effect that selectively reduces T2 with little effect on T1. Biodistribution studies that use a dose of 20 mg MAM/kg show prompt clearance from the blood pool with marked decrease in T2 for rat liver (40%) and spleen (45%) with a small decrease in liver (5%) and spleen (10%) T1 values. Pulmonary T1 and T2 decrease transiently over the first 24 hr, while no significant changes were observed in other tissues. Imaging of a rabbit VX2 tumor model resulted in a 200% increase in the contrast ratio of VX2 tumor to normal liver on T2-weighted and mixed T1-/T2-weighted pulse sequences after administration of contrast agent. The extreme potency, excellent targeting, and apparent lack of toxicity of this agent suggest that MAM probably will have a clinical application in detecting focal hepatic and splenic lesions.

PMID:
3492120
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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