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J Bacteriol. 1986 Jul;167(1):179-85.

Preparation of cell-free extracts and the enzymes involved in fatty acid metabolism in Syntrophomonas wolfei.


Syntrophomonas wolfei is an anaerobic fatty acid degrader that can only be grown in coculture with H2-using bacteria such as Methanospirillum hungatei. Cells of S. wolfei were selectively lysed by lysozyme treatment, and unlysed cells of M. hungatei were removed by centrifugation. The cell extract of S. wolfei obtained with this method had low levels of contamination by methanogenic cofactors. However, lysozyme treatment was not efficient in releasing S. wolfei protein; only about 15% of the L-3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase activity was found in the lysozyme supernatant. Cell extracts of S. wolfei obtained with this method had high specific activities of acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, enoyl-CoA hydratase, L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, and 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase. These activities were not detected in cell extracts of M. hungatei grown alone, confirming that these activities were present in S. wolfei. The acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity was high when a C4 but not a C8 or C16 acyl-CoA derivative served as the substrate. S. Wolfei cell extracts had high CoA transferase specific activities and no detectable acyl-CoA synthetase activity, indicating that fatty acid activation occurred by transfer of CoA from acetyl-CoA. Phosphotransacetylase and acetate kinase activities were detected in cell extracts of S. wolfei, indicating that S. wolfei is able to perform substrate-level phosphorylation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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