Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Sep;85(17):6370-3.

Independent modulation by food supply of two distinct sodium-activated D-glucose transport systems in the guinea pig jejunal brush-border membrane.

Author information

  • 1Centre de Recherches sur la Nutrition, Meudon, France.

Abstract

D-glucose transport across the intestinal brush-border membrane involves two transport systems designated here as systems 1 and 2. Kinetic properties for both D-glucose and methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside transport were measured at 35 degrees C by using brush-border membrane vesicles prepared from either control, fasted (48 hr), or semistarved (10 days) animals. The results show the following: (i) The sugar influx rate by simple diffusion was identical under either altered condition. (ii) Semistarvation stimulated D-glucose uptake by system 2 (both its Vmax and Km increased), whereas system 1 was untouched. (iii) Fasting increased the capacity of system 1 without affecting either Km of system 1 or Vmax and Km of system 2. The effect of fasting on Vmax of system 1 cannot be attributed to indirect effects from changes in ionic permeability because the kinetic difference between control and fasted animals persisted when the membrane potential was short-circuited with equilibrated K+ and valinomycin. This work provides further evidence for the existence of two distinct sodium-activated D-glucose transport systems in the intestinal brush-border membrane, which adapt independently to either semistarvation or fasting.

PMID:
3413102
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC281973
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk