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J Biol Chem. 1988 Jul 15;263(20):9710-7.

Oxalate transport via the sulfate/HCO3 exchanger in rabbit renal basolateral membrane vesicles.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.


We evaluated the mechanism of oxalate transport in basolateral membrane vesicles isolated from the rabbit renal cortex. An outward HCO3- gradient induced the transient uphill accumulation of oxalate and sulfate, indicating the presence of oxalate/HCO3- exchange and sulfate/HCO3- exchange. For oxalate, sulfate, or 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid, the K1/2 value for oxalate/HCO3- exchange was nearly identical to that for sulfate/HCO3- exchange, suggesting that both exchange processes occur via the same transport system. This was further supported by the finding of sulfate/oxalate exchange. Thiosulfate/sulfate exchange and thiosulfate/oxalate exchange were also demonstrated, but a variety of other tested anions including Cl-, p-aminohippurate, and lactate did not exchange for sulfate or oxalate. Na+ did not affect sulfate or oxalate transport, indicating that neither anion undergoes Na+ co-transport or Na+-dependent anion exchange in these membrane vesicles. Finally, we found that the stoichiometry of exchange is 1 sulfate or oxalate per 2 HCO3-, or a thermodynamically equivalent process. We conclude that oxalate, but not other organic or inorganic anions of physiologic importance, can share the sulfate/HCO3- exchanger in renal basolateral membrane vesicles. In series with luminal membrane oxalate/Cl- (formate) exchange, exchange of oxalate for HCO3- or sulfate across the basolateral membrane provides a possible transcellular route for oxalate transport in the proximal tubule.

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