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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Jun;85(12):4325-9.

Heterotypic and homotypic associations between the nuclear lamins: site-specificity and control by phosphorylation.

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  • 1Laboratory of Cell Biology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021.


Using purified components in affinity chromatography and blot binding assays, we have found that rat liver lamins A, B, and C can associate in homotypic and heterotypic fashions. Heterotypic A-B and C-B complexes are unusually stable and involve the common amino-terminal domain of lamins A and C, but not their helical "rod" domain. A synthetic peptide, comprising the first 32 amino acid residues of lamins A and C, is able to fully compete with the intact molecules for binding to lamin B. Conversely, heterotypic A-C associations and homotypic A-A and C-C interactions appear significantly weaker than A/C-B binding and do not involve the lamin A and C amino-terminal domain. Homotypic B-B complexes are not formed to any considerable extent unless isolated lamin B subunits are "superphosphorylated" in vitro with protein kinase A. However, when lamins A and C are similarly modified, no changes in their binding specificity can be detected. These data suggest that the nuclear lamina, unlike other multicomponent intermediate filaments, constitutes a nonobligatory heteropolymer. They also indicate that cAMP-dependent phosphorylation of interphase lamin B could cause remodeling of the lamina and establishment of homopolymeric domains.

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