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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1988 Feb;64(2):796-802.

Quantitative analysis of hemoglobin oxygenation state of rat brain in situ by near-infrared spectrophotometry.

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  • 1Research Institute of Applied Electricity, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


The light in the near-infrared region (700-900 nm) was illuminated on the rat head, and absorption spectra were measured with the transmitted light under various conditions. The absorbance changes less than 780 nm were attributable to hemoglobin in the brain tissue, whereas those greater than 780 nm were associated with both hemoglobin and cytochrome oxidase. The changes of oxy- and total (oxy- plus deoxy-) hemoglobin content in the rat head could be monitored quantitatively by expressions of delta A700--1.20 delta A730 and delta A700--1.52 delta A730, respectively. The oxyhemoglobin content in the tissue was decreased as the O2 tension in inspired gas was lowered. At 10% O2 approximately 50% of hemoglobin was deoxygenated. The total hemoglobin content was increased under anoxic conditions. Inhalation of 5% CO2 and intravenous injection of a Ca2+ blocker nicardipine increased the O2 saturation of hemoglobin in the brain. These conclusions were confirmed by measuring the difference absorption spectra in the near-infrared region.

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