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J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988 Apr;70(4):595-606.

Durability of regenerated articular cartilage produced by free autogenous periosteal grafts in major full-thickness defects in joint surfaces under the influence of continuous passive motion. A follow-up report at one year.

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  • 1Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

An autogenous graft of tibial periosteum was sutured (with its cambium layer facing into the joint) to the base of a five by ten-millimeter full-thickness defect in the patellar groove of each of forty-five adolescent rabbits. The rabbits were randomly treated postoperatively by either four weeks of immobilization in a cast, intermittent active motion in a cage, or two weeks of continuous passive motion. One year postoperatively, the regenerated tissue from each rabbit was analyzed macroscopically, histologically, histochemically, and biochemically. Gross degenerative changes were seen in 57 per cent of the rabbits that had been immobilized in a cast, in 73 per cent of the rabbits that had been allowed intermittent active motion, and in 22 per cent of the rabbits that had been subjected to continuous passive motion (p less than 0.05). Out of a possible score of 7.0 points for the nature of the regenerated tissue, the scores for the three groups were: immobilization in a cast, 4.1 points; intermittent active motion, 4.0 points; and continuous passive motion, 5.9 points (p greater than 0.05). Out of a possible perfect combined score of 10.0 points for the structural characteristics of the regenerated tissue, the cast-immobilization group scored 3.8 points; the intermittent active-motion group, 2.5 points; and the continuous passive-motion group, 6.4 points (p less than 0.001). The total scores for freedom from cellular changes of degeneration, a perfect score being 5.0 points, were: immobilization in a cast, 2.4 points; intermittent active motion, 2.3 points; and continuous passive motion, 3.9 points (p less than 0.01). Degenerative changes in the adjacent cartilage, which were noted in 42 and 46 per cent of the knees in the immobilization and intermittent active-motion groups, respectively, were not found in the knees that had been subjected to continuous passive motion (p less than 0.05). The total indices, which were derived by combining the scores for all categories (maximum, 24.0 points), revealed that the index for the continuous passive-motion group was significantly better than the index for either of the other two groups: immobilization in a cast, 12.9 points; intermittent active motion, 11.2 points; and continuous passive motion, 19.2 points (p less than 0.0005).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

PMID:
3356727
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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