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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1988 Jan;66(1):51-6.

Lipoproteins, lipolytic enzymes, and hormonal status in hypothyroid women at different levels of substitution.

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  • 1Second Department of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

Serum lipoproteins and postheparin plasma lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase (HL) activities were determined in 23 hypothyroid women treated with graded doses of thyroxine (T4) (50, 100, and 150 micrograms/day), each given for 3 weeks. Since the sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and thereby serum sex steroid concentrations are sensitive to thyroid status, we also measured serum testosterone, estradiol, and SHBG at each time. Stepwise T4 treatment resulted in gradual improvement in thyroid status. Concomitantly, serum low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol decreased in a linear fashion from a mean of 4.72 +/- 0.31 (+/- SEM) to 3.21 +/- 0.18 mmol/L (P less than 0.001) after the largest dose. In contrast, serum high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol decreased, although not in a dose-dependent fashion, from 1.61 +/- 0.07 to 1.44 +/- 0.05 mmol/L (P less than 0.001) after the largest dose. Serum SHBG increased along with improvement of thyroid function, but this increase did not have major impact on the changes in LDL during T4 treatment, as judged by multiple regression analysis. Thus, serum LDL correlated independently only with T4 (r = -0.38; P less than 0.001). The serum HDL changes were almost exclusively due to those in the HDL2 subfraction, and these were related to HL activity, which increased from 13.4 +/- 1.76 to 18.9 +/- 2.08 U/L after the largest dose. We conclude that thyroid hormones regulated serum HDL (HDL2) cholesterol mainly through their effect on HL.

PMID:
3335609
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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