Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Oncogene. 1987;1(3):263-70.

Cloning of tetradecanoyl phorbol ester-induced 'primary response' sequences and their expression in density-arrested Swiss 3T3 cells and a TPA non-proliferative variant.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biological Chemistry, UCLA Center for the Health Sciences 90024.


The tumor promoter tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate (TPA) is also a potent mitogen for murine 3T3 cells. We have previously described the isolation of variant Swiss 3T3 cell lines unable to proliferative in response to TPA. In this report we sought to identify genes that are stimulated by TPA as 'primary responses', i.e., without intervening protein synthesis. We constructed a cDNA library in lambda gt10, using RNA from quiescent 3T3 cells treated with TPA in the presence of cycloheximide (CHX). Of 50,000 recombinant phages, we identified 50 isolates that demonstrated preferential hybridization to cDNA probes generated from TPA-stimulated cells. One of the clones contains a fragment of the proto-oncogene c-fos. Twenty-nine of the remaining 49 clones fall into six cross-hybridization families. All the characterized clones detected mRNAs that are also inducible by epidermal growth factor, fibroblast growth factor or elevated serum. TPA induction of all the characterized messages is rapid and transient. All these mRNAs are superinduced by a combination of mitogens and CHX. Induction of these messages following TPA addition also occurs in subconfluent 3T3 cultures; expression of these genes is, therefore, not restricted to the G0/G1 transition. Expression of all six clones was also induced by TPA and other mitogens in 3T3-TNR9 cells, a TPA non-proliferative variant.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk