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Crit Rev Microbiol. 1987;14(4):291-309.

Pediococci and biotechnology.

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  • 1Division of Agriculture, Arizona State University, Tempe.


Nomenclature changes of pediococci postdate the publication of Bergey's Manual. Pediococci possess both a "group" and a "type" antigen. They are gram positive, asporogenous, nonmotile, generally catalase negative, but may possess catalase-like activity. The pediococci may have either a cytochrome or a flavoprotein enzyme system. Anaerobically they are homofermentative using the PEP:PTS and the EMP pathway. Catalase positive strains utilize glucose aerobically and anaerobically while lactose and glycerol are only used aerobically. Some pentoses are fermented to lactate and acetate. Absolute requirement for folinic acid and nearly all amino acids is observed. Pediococci grow luxuriously in All Purpose Tween (APT) broth and are isolated on Rogosa SL agar. Detection can be done by electrical impedance and fluorescent antibody techniques. The Arrhenius concept was utilized in selecting metabolically efficient strains. Antibiotics, antioxidants, some chloride salts and some spices are detrimental to the pediococci. On the other hand, some chloride salts, manganese, and some spices are stimulant. Dialysis-fermentation and immobilization of pediococcal cells were recorded. Some strains decarboxylate histidine to histamine. The resting cell metabolism and the production of bacteriocin have been utilized in antibiosis. An intra and intergeneric genetic transfer system of plasmids from pediococci was by a conjugation-like mechanism. Formation of bacteriocin and fermentation of carbohydrates were linked to plasmids. Lytic bacteriophages to pediococci have not yet been identified. Industrial cultures are mainly frozen concentrates. Linear equations were developed to model the fermentative activity of pediococci and the effects of environmental factors.

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