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Arch Microbiol. 1987 May;147(4):358-63.

Glycerol production in relation to the ATP pool and heat production rate of the yeasts Debaryomyces hansenii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae during salt stress.


Changes in glycerol production and two parameters related to energy metabolism i.e. the heat production rate and the ATP pool, were assayed during growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Debaryomyces hansenii in 4 mM and 1.35 M NaCl media. For both of the yeasts, the specific ATP pool changed during the growth cycle and reached maximum values around 10 nmol per mg dry weight in both types of media. The levels of glycerol were markedly enhanced by high salinity. In the presence of 1.35 M NaCl, D. hansenii retained most of its glycerol produced intracellularly, while S. cerevisiae extruded most of the glycerol to the environment. The intracellular glycerol level of S. cerevisiae equalled or exceeded that of D. hansenii, however, with values never lower than 3 mumol per mg dry weight at all phases of growth. When D. hansenii was grown at this high salinity the intracellular level of glycerol was found to correlate with the specific heat production rate. No such correlation was found for S. cerevisiae. We concluded that during salt stress, D. hansenii possesses the capacity to regulate the metabolism of glycerol to optimize growth, while S. cerevisiae may not be able to regulate when exposed to different demands on the glycerol metabolism.

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