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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1987 May;62(5):2026-30.

Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on upper airway and respiratory muscle activity.

Abstract

To study the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on lung volume, and upper airway and respiratory muscle activity, we quantitated the CPAP-induced changes in diaphragmatic and genioglossal electromyograms, esophageal and transdiaphragmatic pressures (Pes and Pdi), and functional residual capacity (FRC) in six normal awake subjects in the supine position. CPAP resulted in increased FRC, increased peak and rate of rise of diaphragmatic activity (EMGdi and EMGdi/TI), decreased peak genioglossal activity (EMGge), decreased inspiratory time and inspiratory duty cycle (P less than 0.001 for all comparisons). Inspiratory changes in Pes and Pdi, as well as Pes/EMGdi and Pdi/EMGdi also decreased (P less than 0.001 for all comparisons), but mean inspiratory airflow for a given Pes increased (P less than 0.001) on CPAP. The increase in mean inspiratory airflow for a given Pes despite the decrease in upper airway muscle activity suggests that CPAP mechanically splints the upper airway. The changes in EMGge and EMGdi after CPAP application most likely reflect the effects of CPAP and the associated changes in respiratory system mechanics on the afferent input from receptors distributed throughout the intact respiratory system.

PMID:
3298198
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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