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Blut. 1988 Jul;57(1):7-13.

Fractionated total body irradiation and high dose cyclophosphamide: a preparative regimen for bone marrow transplantation for patients with hematologic malignancies in first complete remission.

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  • 1Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA 91010.

Abstract

We treated 73 patients with hematologic malignancies in first complete remission (acute lymphoblastic leukemia = 23 patients; acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia = 25 patients; chronic myelogenous leukemia in first chronic phase = 20 patients, and high grade lymphoma = five patients) with a uniform preparative regimen consisting of fractionated total body irradiation (1,320 cGy) and high dose cyclophosphamide (100 mg/kg), followed by allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. By radiation dosimetry we demonstrated that the calculated doses were delivered accurately and reproducibly. Actuarial survival rates (+/- SEM) in complete remission were as follows: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia = 74 +/- 9%; acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia = 50 +/- 11%; and chronic myelogenous leukemia = 55 +/- 11%. Actuarial relapse rates for these three diagnoses were 19 +/- 9%, 17 +/- 11%, and 0% respectively. Three of the five lymphoma patients are alive in complete remission at 22+, 28+, and 54+ months. Overall probability of survival for the 73 patients was 59 +/- 7%. Interstitial pneumonia, usually associated with cytomegalovirus infection and graft-versus-host disease, and relapse of the underlying malignancy were the major causes of death.

PMID:
3291991
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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