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Biochemistry. 1988 Mar 22;27(6):2088-94.

The Mnt repressor of bacteriophage P22: role of C-terminal residues in operator binding and tetramer formation.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.


A set of C-terminal deletion mutants of the Mnt repressor of bacteriophage P22 has been constructed, and the corresponding truncated proteins have been purified. A truncated protein lacking the three C-terminal residues, Lys80-Thr81-Thr82, binds operator DNA with an affinity near wild type and has a normal tetrameric structure. Loss of the next residue, Lys79, causes a 600-fold decrease in operator affinity, but the truncated protein is still tetrameric. Further sequential deletions of Tyr78 and Leu77 cause modest decreases in operator affinity, but the truncated proteins are now dimeric. These results indicate that Lys79 is an important determinant of the high affinity of Mnt repressor for operator DNA and that Tyr78 is an important determinant of tetramer formation by Mnt repressor.

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