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South Med J. 1988 Mar;81(3):332-6.

Bacteriology of middle ear effusions.

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  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77550.

Abstract

We studied fluid obtained from middle ear effusions (MEEs) during 908 myringotomy and tube insertion procedures on 495 children aged 4 months to 12 years. Under general anesthesia the external auditory canal was sterilized with povidone-iodine (Betadine) and alcohol, and myringotomy was done. Fluid was aspirated into a Luki tube and sent for culture and sensitivity determination. The median age of patients was 3 years 5 months; 1-year-old children comprised the largest single group. Two thirds of the children were male. Effusion was present in three fourths of the ears; in about 20% of these, culture grew bacteria. Haemophilus influenzae made up almost 50% of the pathogens, with the percentage decreasing with age. Almost 90% of the H influenzae organisms were sensitive to erythromycin, and about three fourths to ampicillin and cephalosporin.

PMID:
3279531
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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