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Pediatr Clin North Am. 1988 Feb;35(1):141-55.

Fiberoptic upper intestinal endoscopy in infants and children.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, UCLA Medical Center.


Fiberoptic upper intestinal endoscopy has been shown in the last decade to be the most sensitive technique to diagnose upper gastrointestinal disease. Diagnostic endoscopy has been shown to be safe, with a low complication rate of less than 2 per cent, and most of those reported have been minor. Furthermore, therapeutic endoscopy has been used to treat bleeding varices by sclerotherapy, avoiding the need for shunting procedures, which often fall in young children. Dilation of strictures with wire-guided dilators, endoscopic incision of antral mucosal diaphragms, and percutaneous placement of gastrostomy tubes are other ways endoscopy is being used as a means of treatment. Electrocoagulation and photocoagulation of bleeding upper gastrointestinal lesions have not been used.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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