Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Bacteriol. 1988 Jan;170(1):416-21.

Metabolism of L-fucose and L-rhamnose in Escherichia coli: aerobic-anaerobic regulation of L-lactaldehyde dissimilation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona (Pedralbes), Spain.


L-Lactaldehyde is a branching point in the metabolic pathway of L-fucose and L-rhamnose utilization. Under aerobic conditions, L-lactaldehyde is oxidized to L-lactate by the enzyme lactaldehyde dehydrogenase, while under anaerobic conditions, L-lactaldehyde is reduced to L-1,2-propanediol by the enzyme propanediol oxidoreductase. Aerobic growth on either of the methyl pentoses induces a lactaldehyde dehydrogenase enzyme which is inhibited by NADH and is very stable under anaerobic conditions. In the absence of oxygen, the cell shifts from the oxidation of L-lactaldehyde to its reduction, owing to both the induction of propanediol oxidoreductase activity and the decrease in the NAD/NADH ratio. The oxidation of L-lactaldehyde to L-lactate is again restored upon a change to aerobic conditions. In this case, only the NAD/NADH ratio may be invoked as a regulatory mechanism, since both enzymes remain active after this change. Experimental evidence in the presence of rhamnose with mutants unable to produce L-lactaldehyde and mutants capable of producing but not further metabolizing it points toward L-lactaldehyde as the effector molecule in the induction of lactaldehyde dehydrogenase. Analysis of a temperature-sensitive mutation affecting the synthesis of lactaldehyde dehydrogenase permitted us to locate an apparently single regulator gene linked to the ald locus at 31 min and probably acting as a positive control element on the expression of the structural gene.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk