Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Reprod Immunol Microbiol. 1988 Nov;18(3):71-5.

Actions of steroids and prostaglandins secreted by the placenta and uterus of the cow and ewe on lymphocyte proliferation in vitro.

Author information

  • 1Dairy Science Department, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611-0701.

Abstract

Prostaglandins, steroids, and their metabolites that are known to be produced by the conceptus, maternal endometrium, and placenta of the cow and sheep were tested for their ability to inhibit in vitro blastogenesis of bovine and ovine lymphocytes. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) suppressed PHA- and mixed lymphocyte reaction-induced blastogenesis in a log-linear, concentration-dependent manner, exerting its inhibitory effect at a final concentration of 10(-8) M and higher. PGE2 also inhibited IL-2-dependent proliferation of lymphocytes, but to a lesser degree than for PHA-treated cultures. Progesterone and estradiol-17 beta also inhibited [3H] thymidine incorporation into PHA-stimulated lymphocytes, but only at a pharmacological concentration of 10(-5) M. No synergy between PGE2 and progesterone in inhibiting lymphocyte proliferation was observed. Estrone, PGF2 alpha, 15-keto-13,14-dihydro-PGF2 alpha, and two metabolites of progesterone (5 beta-pregnane-3,20-dione and 5 beta-pregnane-3,20-diol) had no effect on lymphocyte proliferation. By virtue of its continual production at the fetal-maternal interface throughout pregnancy, PGE2 may be an important local immunoregulatory agent to protect the allogeneic fetus from maternal immunological attack in the cow and ewe.

PMID:
3265596
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk