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Child-rearing practices of Chinese parents and their relationship to behavioural problems in toddlers.

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  • 1Department of Pshychological Medicine, National University of Singapore.


The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between behavioural deviance and parental involvement in childrearing and disciplinary practices in a sample of 401 toddlers. Mothers of each subject were interviewed to assess for the degree of parental involvement and the disciplinary methods used with the child. A Behavioural Screening Questionnaire (BSQ) was used to assess for behavioural deviance in the toddlers. Results indicated that father involvement in childrearing was significantly lower than mother involvement (p = 0.0001). Although consistent with cultural expectations, both low paternal involvement and punitive types of discipline were significantly related to behavioural deviance.

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