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Electrically evoked isometric and isokinetic properties of the triceps surae in young male subjects.

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  • 1Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, England.


The relationship between electrically evoked isometric and isokinetic properties of the triceps surae have been studied in 11 healthy male subjects. The results showed that the time to peak tension (TPT) and half relaxation time (1/2 RT) of the maximal twitch were 110 +/- 11 ms and 82 +/- 11 ms respectively, and the peak rates of rise of contraction (delta P50, delta P200) and relaxation (delta PR50, delta PR200) at 50 and 200 Hz were 0.36 +/- 0.07, 0.48 +/- 0.08 and 1.27 +/- 0.33, 1.25 +/- 0.27% Po ms-1 respectively. The decline in force during a fatigue test was significantly (P less than 0.02) associated with the decrease in maximal relaxation rate (r = 0.79). The TPT was significantly (P less than 0.05) and inversely related to delta P50 and delta P200. The mean angle specific torque-velocity relationship for the 11 subjects was adequately described by the empirical exponential equation of the form: V = 16.5 (e-P/30.8-e-84.3/30.8) where V = velocity (rads s-1) and P = torque (Nm). The only significant association found between the isometric and isokinetic properties of the muscle was between delta PR200 and the torque expressed at a given velocity of 4 rads s-1. This lack of association between the two variables is difficult to explain with certainty but it is suggested that it may be due to the differential effects of Ca2+ release and uptake and cross-bridge turnover rate in the two situations.

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