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Psychiatry Res. 1988 Jul;25(1):65-72.

Tonic arousal and activity: relationships to personality and personality disorder traits in panic patients.

Author information

  • 1Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, CA 94305.

Abstract

Personality theorists have long predicted a relationship between personality traits and autonomic activation. In this study, 48 patients with panic disorder underwent personality assessment by questionnaire (Eysenck Personality Inventory: 48 patients) and by interview (Personality Disorders Examination: 35 patients). Ambulatory heart rate and activity were measured by the Vitalog method and were used as measures of activation and autonomic arousal. There was a significant positive correlation between histrionic traits and activity level and a significant negative correlation between sociability and heart rate. The findings are consistent with previous studies showing a negative relationship between sensation-seeking personality traits and cerebrospinal fluid levels of norepinephrine and a positive relationship between extroversion and cerebrospinal fluid levels of dopamine.

PMID:
3217468
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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