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Mol Cell Biol. 1988 Aug;8(8):3260-6.

Expression of heat shock proteins by isolated mouse spermatogenic cells.

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  • 1Gamete Biology Section, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.


Proteins of the hsp70 family are abundant in mouse spermatogenic cells. These cells also synthesize relatively large amounts of a 70,000-molecular-weight protein (P70) that appears to be a cell-specific isoform of hsp70, the major heat-inducible protein (R.L. Allen, D.A. O'Brien, and E.M. Eddy, Mol. Cell. Biol. 8:828-832, 1988). In this study, proteins of unstressed and heat-stressed spermatogenic cells consisting of purified preparations of preleptotene, leptotene-zygotene, pachytene spermatocytes, and round spermatids were analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Unstressed preleptotene and leptotene-zygotene spermatocytes contained little P70, whereas relatively large amounts of P70 were present in pachytene spermatocytes and round spermatids. Labeling studies showed that P70 was synthesized primarily in pachytene spermatocytes and that little synthesis occurred in round spermatids or in preleptotene and leptotene-zygotene stages of spermatogenesis. Synthesis of hsp70 was not detectable in unstressed cells but was induced in all stages of isolated germ cells following heat stress. These results indicate that P70 is expressed in a stage-specific manner during cell differentiation, whereas hsp70 is synthesized in response to stress in all populations of isolated spermatogenic cells examined.

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