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Am J Physiol. 1988 Dec;255(6 Pt 1):G800-6.

Effect of ileal infusion of lipid on jejunal motor patterns after a nutrient and nonnutrient meal.

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  • 1Sub-Department of Human Gastrointestinal Physiology and Nutrition, University of Sheffield, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, United Kingdom.


To investigate how ileal lipid delays small bowel transit, pressure activity was recorded at multiple sites in the human small intestine during ileal infusion of either lipid or saline. Initial studies showed that ileal lipid reduced the contraction rate in the jejunum but not in the duodenum or ileum. The effect of ileal lipid was further investigated by recording pressures at seven sites in the jejunum after ingestion of either a nutrient or a nonnutrient meal. The nutrient meal induced an irregular motility pattern; ileal lipid significantly reduced the contraction rate, the percentage of contractions involved in propagated events, the mean length of propagation, and the propagation index. The nonnutrient meal induced a pattern containing discrete clusters of contractions. Ileal lipid significantly reduced the occurrence of contraction clusters and the mean length of propagation. Thus, although the delay in small bowel transit observed during ileal infusion of lipid can be explained by reductions in the rate and the degree of propagation of jejunal contractions, the mechanism varies according to the type of meal.

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