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Biochem Pharmacol. 1988 Oct 15;37(20):3889-95.

Immunochemical and catalytical studies on hepatic coumarin 7-hydroxylase in man, rat, and mouse.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Oulu, Finland.


The cytochrome P-450-mediated coumarin 7-hydroxylase (COH) was studied in microsomal preparations from Wistar rat, DBA/2N mouse, and human liver. Human liver contained the highest constitutive COH activity of up to about 500 pmol/mg microsomal protein/min. The rat liver contained low levels of COH (about 3-5 pmol/mg protein/min) which could be demonstrated only with high substrate concentrations. Rabbit polyclonal antibody generated against P-450Coh (a P-450 isozyme purified from pyrazole-treated DBA/2N mouse liver showing high activity for coumarin 7-hydroxylation) inhibited COH activity by almost 100% in human liver microsomes and 86-99% in mouse liver microsomes. Also the deethylation of 7-ethoxycoumarin was inhibited somewhat by the antibody, whereas no inhibition was obtained in ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activities. None of these enzyme activities was affected by the antibody in the rat liver microsomes. In Ouchterlony immunodiffusion analysis precipitin lines were obtained with human, mouse and rat liver microsomes. Complex coalescence patterns were obtained suggesting full identity between human and pyrazole-treated mouse antigens, partial identity between mouse and rat antigens, and no identity between human and rat antigens. Western blot analysis with the anti-P-450Coh antibody revealed a distinct 48-kDa protein in all four human samples tested. A 50-kDa protein comigrating exactly with P-450Coh was observed in microsomes from PB and pyrazole-treated mouse liver microsomes. No distinct protein bands appeared in rat liver samples. These data suggest that despite slightly differing molecular masses, the human and mouse P-450s supporting COH are structurally conserved at their active centers. The corresponding rat P-450 appears to differ from that of mouse and man.

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