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Clin Chem. 1988 Nov;34(11):2355-7.

An assay of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase in erythrocytes.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

Measurement of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (UROD; EC 4.1.1.37) activity in erythrocytes is useful in distinguishing between familial porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT), in which UROD activities are low, and acquired PCT, in which UROD activity is normal. In this method for measuring UROD, pentacarboxylic acid porphyrinogen I (PPI) is used as substrate. A sample of the patient's whole blood is incubated with PPI at 37 degrees C for 30 min at pH 6.0. The reaction is stopped by adding trichloroacetic acid/dimethyl sulfoxide containing mesoporphyrin (internal standard). The coproporphyrin so produced is measured directly by high-performance liquid chromatography, with fluorescence detection. Our values by this method for healthy subjects and non-PCT patients ranged from 1.8 to 4.0 U/L. The CV for the assay was 10% at 1.1 U/L and 9% at 2.4 U/L. Twelve of 42 patients with PCT had low erythrocyte UROD activities. In each of six families of patients with low UROD activity we found at least one other family member with a low UROD activity in erythrocytes.

PMID:
3180434
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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