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Atherosclerosis. 1988 Mar;70(1-2):43-52.

Characterization of low-density lipoproteins from patients with recessive X-linked ichthyosis.

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  • 1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.


We investigated lipoprotein metabolism in 14 patients with recessive X-linked ichthyosis (RXLI), a metabolic disease characterized by scaly skin, corneal opacity and steroid sulfatase deficiency. Plasma total cholesterol (TC) levels ranged from normal to slightly low (mean +/- SD: 156 +/- 28 mg/dl). Four patients showed a mild or moderate elevation of plasma triglyceride (TG) levels ranging from 150 to 365 mg/dl. The apoprotein B (apo B) to TC ratio was higher than in normal controls (0.63 +/- 0.11 vs. 0.52 +/- 0.07, P less than 0.01), while plasma apoB levels were within the normal range (99 +/- 17 mg/dl). Polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic mobility of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) was markedly increased in all patients, and further analyses showed that this finding was not due to a change in the particle size of the LDL but to an increased content of cholesterol sulfate (1.0-2.3% of the LDL-cholesterol content). In addition to the alteration of electrophoretic mobility, marked changes in the lipid and apoprotein compositions of the LDL fraction were observed; cholesterol ester content in LDL (LDL-CE) was significantly lower than that of control subjects (37 +/- 4% vs. 41 +/- 2% of total lipids, P less than 0.01), while the triglyceride content (LDL-TG) and apo B to cholesterol ratios in LDL were significantly higher than those of controls (18 +/- 7 vs. 10 +/- 2, P less than 0.001; 1.21 +/- 0.19 vs. 0.73 +/- 0.05, P less than 0.001, respectively). This anionized LDL, in which cholesterol sulfate was increased, was shown to bind to the LDL receptor of fibroblasts to much the same extent as normal LDL. In conclusion, the increase in cholesterol sulfate in LDL fraction not only alters the electrophoretic moiety but also the relative contents of apoB, cholesterol, and triglyceride in the lipoprotein. It does not change the affinity of LDL for the LDL receptor.

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