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Public Health Rep. 1988 Nov-Dec;103(6):653-8.

Alcohol and highway safety in a public health perspective.

Author information

  • 1National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Office of Alcohol and State Programs, Washington, DC 20590.

Abstract

The Public Health Service and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration share the responsibility for problems related to injury prevention and control regarding the alcohol-impaired operation of motor vehicles. NHTSA activities have evolved over several decades within a general framework which emphasizes community-based systems. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is promoting program activities that stress community-level involvement in problems of alcohol and highway use. The public health approach to the mortality and morbidity resulting from alcohol use and motor vehicle operation entails examining and promoting those activities that address human factors. Techniques for Effective Alcohol Management (TEAM) is a cooperative effort representing sports, entertainment, insurance, vehicle manufacturer, and other organizations and agencies building community coalitions. The Centers for Disease Control is establishing research and collaborating centers to stimulate studies and exchange information on injury-related research. Alcohol countermeasures programs include training for law enforcement and legal officials, technology development efforts, and changes in laws applied to use of alcohol and other drugs. Outreach and networking activities have encouraged the initiation and coordination of community level groups active in promoting highway safety with regard to the use of alcohol. Statistical method changes are being discussed for surveillance of motor vehicle-related injuries for Health Objectives for the Nation for the Year 2000. NHTSA data systems being discussed are thought to be more timely and more sensitive to crash activity than methods now in use. Public health approaches to the problems of alcohol and highway safety are benefiting from growing cooperation among highway safety and public health officials to reduce the morbidity and mortality resulting from operation of motor vehicles by performance-impaired drivers.

PMID:
3141961
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1478158
Free PMC Article
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