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Preventive effect of MCI-186 on 15-HPETE induced vascular endothelial cell injury in vitro.

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  • 1Section of Physiological Chemistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan.

Abstract

Using cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells, the effects of MCI-186, a radical scavenger, were studied on arachidonic acid metabolism and on the cell injury caused by 15-HPETE. MCI-186 at 3 X 10(-5) M enhanced prostacyclin production in the intact endothelial cells without affecting phospholipase A2. When endothelial cell homogenates were used as an enzyme source, it was found that MCI-186 stimulated the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostacyclin like phenol, perhaps by trapping OH radicals produced in the process of the conversion of PGG2 to PGH2. On the other hand, MCI-186 was found to inhibit lipoxygenase metabolism of arachidonic acid in cell free homogenates of rat basophilic leukemia cells. The lipoxygenase inhibition caused by 3 X 10(-5) M MCI-186 was almost equivalent to that caused by 3 X 10(-6) M BW 755C. MCI-186 remarkably protected against endothelial cell damage caused by 15-HPETE. 3 X 10(-5) M of 15-HPETE caused endothelial cell death in about 60% of the population: however, pretreatment of the cells with 10(-5) M of MCI-186 or concomitant addition of 10(-5) M of MCI-186 with 15-HPETE to the cultures prevented the cell death completely. These results suggest that MCI-186 may become an unique anti-ischemic drug.

PMID:
3141937
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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