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Biochemistry. 1987 Aug 11;26(16):4936-41.

Interaction of carrier ionophores with phospholipid vesicles.

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  • 1Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.


The interactions of carrier ionophores, nonactin, A23187, and lasalocid A with liposomes formed from the synthetic lipids dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine are investigated by differential scanning calorimetry and 1H and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance techniques. The results indicate that the mode of interaction of these ionophores is dependent on the fluidity of the bilayer and on the chemical nature of these ionophores. The 31P NMR studies are suggestive of the formation of small particles that are probably intervesicular lipid-ionophore aggregates in multilamellar vesicles when they are incorporated with these ionophores at high concentrations. The results are interpreted on the basis of the chemical structure and conformations of the ionophores in membrane mimetic media. The 1H NMR line-width measurements indicate that the aromatic rings containing the carboxyl groups of lasalocid A and A23187 are located near the membrane interface while the rest of the molecule is buried in the membrane interior.

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