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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1987;2(1):10-6.

Pharmacological evaluation of urate renal handling in humans: pyrazinamide test vs combined pyrazinamide and probenecid administration.


Uricosuric and antiuricosuric drugs have been utilised widely for the study of tubular urate transport in humans. A normal suppression of urate excretion after pyrazinamide is usually taken as evidence of normal presecretory reabsorption. However, in patients with reduced presecretory reabsorption, during pyrazinamide inhibition of urate secretion unreabsorbed urate might still undergo reabsorption along postsecretory sites, allowing for a normal pyrazinamide suppression of urate excretion. To test this possibility, we have performed the pyrazinamide test both alone and after pretreatment with probenecid, which should block postsecretory urate reabsorption. The test was performed in 8 controls, in 9 patients with 'low-excretory' hyperuricaemia, and in 7 patients with tubular urate wasting. Pyrazinamide-non-suppressible urate excretion after pretreatment with probenecid did not differ from the excretion obtained after pyrazinamide alone in hyperuricaemic patients (mean difference 1.33 +/- 2.3% of filtered urate; P = NS); it was slightly higher in controls (3.4 +/- 3.4; P less than 0.05), but was much higher in patients with tubular urate wasting (19.6 +/- 12.7; P less than 0.005). The pyrazinamide test, performed alone, was normal in three patients with tubular urate wasting, but it was abnormal in all patients after pretreatment with probenecid. These results are consistent with the possibility that, during maximal pyrazinamide effect, some uric acid escaping reabsorption at presecretory sites may undergo reabsorption along postsecretory sites, leading to a quantitative overestimation of presecretory reabsorption. This phenomenon appears to have clinical relevance, especially in patients with abnormal urate reabsorption.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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