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Heredity (Edinb). 1987 Jun;58 ( Pt 3):443-50.

Relation between tolerance to ethanol and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity in Drosophila melanogaster: selection, genotype and sex effects.


The suggestion of Oakeshott et al. (1984) that selection at the Adh locus, as a response to ethanol, is restricted to D. melanogaster laboratory-adapted populations, is tested in this paper with the "Lagar de los Reyes" (LR) lines. For this purpose, homozygous lines for the AdhF and the AdhS alleles were maintained on food supplemented with ethanol. After the selection, the ethanol tolerance and the ADH activity of the selected flies (LRSeF and LRSeS) were determined and compared with those of the control flies (LRCF and LRCS), maintained on standard medium. Then, the effects of the selection, genotype and sex, and the relation between ethanol tolerance and ADH activity were analysed. Our results fail to show a consistent correlation between ethanol tolerance and ADH activity in the adults of LR lines. Our findings also indicate that adaptation of D. melanogaster to ethanol-containing food could be accomplished without significant changes on the ADH activity in the adults. The possibility that the adaptation of D. melanogaster to environmental ethanol could be independent of the Adh locus is discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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