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J Biol Chem. 1987 May 15;262(14):6683-90.

Identification and characterization of two functional domains in cytochrome P-450BM-3, a catalytically self-sufficient monooxygenase induced by barbiturates in Bacillus megaterium.


In a previous publication (Narhi, L. O. and Fulco, A. J. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 7160-7169) we described the characterization of a soluble 119,000-dalton P-450 cytochrome (P-450BM-3) that was induced by barbiturates in Bacillus megaterium. This single polypeptide contained 1 mol each of FAD and FMN/mol of heme and, in the presence of NADPH and O2, catalyzed the oxygenation of long-chain fatty acids without the aid of any other protein. We have now utilized limited trypsin proteolysis in the presence of substrate to cleave P-450BM-3 into two polypeptides (domains) of about 66,000 and 55,000 daltons. The 66-kDa domain contains both FAD and FMN but no heme, reduces cytochrome c in the presence of NADPH, and is derived from the C-terminal portion of P-450BM-3. The 55-kDa domain is actually a mixture of three discrete peptides (T-I, T-II, and T-III) separable by high performance liquid chromatography. All three contain heme and show a P-450 absorption peak in the presence of CO and dithionite. The major component, T-I (Mr = 55 kDa), binds fatty acid substrate and has an N-terminal amino acid sequence identical to that of intact P-450BM-3, an indication that this domain constitutes the N-terminal portion of the 119-kDa protein. T-II (54 kDa) is the same as T-I except that it is missing the first nine N-terminal amino acids and does not bind substrate. T-III (Mr = 53.5 kDa) has lost the first 15 N-terminal residues and does not bind substrate. Since trypsin digestion of P-450BM-3 carried out in the absence of substrate yields T-II and T-III but no T-I, it appears that 1 or more residues of the first nine N-terminal amino acids of this protein are intimately involved in substrate binding. Although both the heme- and flavin-containing tryptic peptides retain their original half-reactions, fatty acid monooxygenase activity cannot be reconstituted after proteolysis, and the two domains, once separated, show no affinity for each other. In most respects, the reductase domain of P-450BM-3 more closely resembles the mammalian microsomal P-450 reductases than it does any known bacterial protein.

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