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J Mol Evol. 1986;23(4):328-35.

The complete amino acid sequences of cytosolic and mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferases from horse heart, and inferences on evolution of the isoenzymes.

Abstract

We report here the complete amino acid sequences of the cytosolic and mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferases from horse heart. The two sequences can be aligned so that 48.1% of the amino acid residues are identical. The sequences have been compared with those of the cytosolic isoenzymes from pig and chicken, the mitochondrial isoenzymes from pig, chicken, rat, and human, and the enzyme from Escherichia coli. The results suggest that the mammalian cytosolic and mitochondrial isoenzymes have evolved at equal and constant rates whereas the isoenzymes from chicken may have evolved somewhat more slowly. Based on the rate of evolution of the mammalian isoenzymes, the gene-duplication event that gave rise to cytosolic and mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferases is estimated to have occurred at least 10(9) years ago. The cytosolic and mitochondrial isoenzymes are equally related to the enzyme from E. coli; the prokaryotic and eukaryotic enzymes diverged from one another at least 1.3 X 10(9) years ago.

PMID:
3104605
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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