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Aust Vet J. 1988 Oct;65(10):321-3.

Superficial stromal keratitis in the dog.

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  • 1Armadale Veterinary Eye Hospital, Victoria.


Superficial stromal keratitis or pannus is a syndrome of corneal, conjunctival and third eyelid inflammation. Superficial stromal keratitis mainly presents as a subepithelial corneal infiltration of vascular connective tissue, and usually arises from the lateral (temporal) limbal area. In some dogs perilimbal hyperaemia and third eyelid blepharitis can be present without corneal involvement. The most commonly affected breed of dog is the German Shepherd. Most cases of superficial stromal keratitis can be controlled with topical corticosteroids, and only rarely is cryosurgery or superficial keratectomy required to remove excessive pigment and or granulation tissue. The precise aetiology of SSK is unknown, but is likely to be multifactorial, with sunlight being a significant factor. Corneal lipidosis and keratoconjunctivitis sicca can occur secondary to superficial stromal keratitis.

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