Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
J Biol Chem. 1988 Nov 25;263(33):17857-71.

Three-dimensional structure of the tryptophan synthase alpha 2 beta 2 multienzyme complex from Salmonella typhimurium.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.

Abstract

The three-dimensional structure of the alpha 2 beta 2 complex of tryptophan synthase from Salmonella typhimurium has been determined by x-ray crystallography at 2.5 A resolution. The four polypeptide chains are arranged nearly linearly in an alpha beta beta alpha order forming a complex 150 A long. The overall polypeptide fold of the smaller alpha subunit, which cleaves indole glycerol phosphate, is that of an 8-fold alpha/beta barrel. The alpha subunit active site has been located by difference Fourier analysis of the binding of indole propanol phosphate, a competitive inhibitor of the alpha subunit and a close structural analog of the natural substrate. The larger pyridoxal phosphate-dependent beta subunit contains two domains of nearly equal size, folded into similar helix/sheet/helix structures. The binding site for the coenzyme pyridoxal phosphate lies deep within the interface between the two beta subunit domains. The active sites of neighboring alpha and beta subunits are separated by a distance of about 25 A. A tunnel with a diameter matching that of the intermediate substrate indole connects these active sites. The tunnel is believed to facilitate the diffusion of indole from its point of production in the alpha subunit active site to the site of tryptophan synthesis in the beta active site and thereby prevent its escape to the solvent during catalysis.

PMID:
3053720
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk