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Bull World Health Organ. 1988;66(3):347-52.

In vivo and in vitro responses to quinine and quinidine of Plasmodium falciparum.


A total of 66 Thai children with uncomplicated falciparum malaria were treated orally with regimens of either quinine or quinidine. Radical cures were observed in 85% (28 of 33) of the children who received quinine and in 88% (29 out of 33) of those who received quinidine. Treatment failures in both groups were RI responses.The mean trough level of quinidine (10 mumol/l) was about 2.5-times less than that of quinine (25 mumol/l). The electrocardiograms of the two treatment groups differed significantly in that there was an acute prolongation of the QT(c) interval in 56% of those who received quinidine compared with 21.0% of those given quinine. In vitro assays of the pretreatment drug susceptibilities of the isolates of Plasmodium falciparum indicated that the mean minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for quinidine (1.44 mumol/l) was about half that for quinine (3.02 mumol/l). Although both drugs are equally effective, quinine is recommended for treatment of multidrug-resistant malaria in paediatric patients, primarily because of the cardiac effects produced by quinidine.

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