Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1987 May;84(10):3239-43.

The very late antigen family of heterodimers is part of a superfamily of molecules involved in adhesion and embryogenesis.


The very late antigen (VLA) protein family contains at least five related heterodimers, including a fibronectin receptor structure, and probably other cell substrate adhesion receptors. These cell-surface VLA proteins were immunopurified from human placenta (VLA-1, VLA-3, and VLA-5), platelets (VLA-2), and Molt-4 cells (VLA-4) using a series of monoclonal antibody-Sepharose immunoaffinity columns. After further purification by gel electrophoresis, the N-terminal amino acid sequence for each of the five VLA alpha subunits was determined. In the first 14 positions, the five VLA alpha subunits showed an average of 42% homology to each other, rising to 59% including conservative amino acid substitutions. In addition, the alpha subunits from the LFA-1, Mac-1 (CR-3), and p150,95 family of heterodimers, the vitronectin receptor-platelet GPIIb/IIIa family, and a position-specific (PS) antigen important in Drosophila embryogenesis each showed average homologies of 31-40% to individual VLA alpha sequences and 46-52% homology to VLA alpha subunits including conservative substitutions. Taken together, these results suggest that the VLA proteins, the LFA-1, Mac-1, and p150,95 family, the GPIIb/IIIa, vitronectin receptor family, and the Drosophila PS antigens have evolved as four subgroups in a highly conserved supergene family of receptors involved in fundamentally important functions, such as cell adhesion, migration, and embryogenesis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk