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J Biol Chem. 1987 Apr 25;262(12):5797-807.

Purification of the putative hormone-sensitive cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase from rat adipose tissue using a derivative of cilostamide as a novel affinity ligand.

Abstract

A "low Km" cAMP phosphodiesterase with properties of a peripheral membrane protein accounts for approximately 90% of total cAMP phosphodiesterase activity in particulate (100,000 X g) fractions from rat fat cells. Incubation of fat cells with insulin for 10 min increased particulate (but not soluble) cAMP phosphodiesterase activity, with a maximum increase (approximately 100%) at 1 nM insulin. Most of the increase in activity was retained after solubilization (with non-ionic detergent and NaBr) and partial purification (approximately 20-fold) on DEAE-Sephacel. The solubilized enzyme from adipose tissue was purified approximately 65,000-fold to apparent homogeneity (yield approximately 20%) by chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel and Sephadex G-200 and affinity chromatography on aminoethyl agarose conjugated with the N-(2-isothiocyanato)ethyl derivative of the phosphodiesterase inhibitor cilostamide (OPC 3689). A 63,800 +/- 200-Da polypeptide (accounting for greater than 90% of the protein eluted from the affinity column) was identified by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate (with or without reduction). Enzyme activity was associated with the single protein band after electrophoresis under nondenaturing conditions. On gel permeation, Mr(app) was 100,000-110,000, suggesting that the holoenzyme is a dimer. A pI of 4.9-5.0 was estimated by isoelectric focusing. At 30 degrees C, the purified enzyme hydrolyzed both cAMP and cGMP with normal Michaelis-Menten kinetics; the pH optimum was 7.5. The Km(app) for cAMP was 0.38 microM and Vmax, 8.5 mumol/min/mg; for cGMP, Km(app) was 0.28 microM and Vmax, 2.0 mumol/min/mg. cGMP competitively inhibited cAMP hydrolysis with a Ki of approximately 0.15 microM. The enzyme was also inhibited by several OPC derivatives and "cardiotonic" drugs, but not by RO 20-1724. It was very sensitive to inhibition by agents which covalently modify protein sulfhydryls, but not by diisopropyl fluorophosphate. The activation by insulin and other findings indicate that the purified enzyme, which seems to belong to a subtype of low Km cAMP phosphodiesterases that is specifically and potently inhibited by cGMP, cilostamide, other OPC derivatives, and certain cardiotonic drugs, is likely to account for the hormone-sensitive particulate low Km cAMP phosphodiesterase activity of rat adipocytes.

PMID:
3032944
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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