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J Biol Chem. 1987 Apr 15;262(11):5065-72.

Early agonist-mediated ionic events in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells. Calcium mobilization is associated with intracellular acidification.

Erratum in

  • J Biol Chem 1987 Jul 25;262(21):10412.


Angiotensin II, a potent vasoconstrictor peptide, increases free cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) by release of nonmitochondrial Ca2+ stores and stimulates an amiloride-sensitive Na+ influx, presumably via Na+/H+ exchange. We recently have found that the angiotensin II-mediated change in VSMC intracellular pH has two components, an early rapid acidification phase and a slower recovery phase involving Na+-dependent alkalinization. In the present study, we show that the early acidification is not mediated via Na+/H+ exchange. Instead, we propose a mechanism which involves increases in [Ca2+]i and Ca2+ efflux with a subsequent rise in intracellular H+. Agonists, in addition to angiotensin II, which increase [Ca2+]i in cultured VSMC, including platelet-derived growth factor, vasopressin, and bradykinin, induce an acidification, while agonists which fail to raise [Ca2+]i do not. The time course and magnitude of agonist-stimulated 45Ca2+ efflux correlate with the acidification response. The angiotensin II concentration-response relationship for acidification and Ca2+ mobilization are similar. Furthermore, inhibition of changes in [Ca2+]i by treatment with phorbol ester, cyclic GMP, or quin2 loading prevent agonist-mediated acidification. The effects of altering extracellular [Ca2+] and [H+] on agonist-mediated intracellular acidification and H+ efflux suggest that the acidification is due to ATP-dependent unidirectional H+ influx, perhaps via the plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase, and not to a Ca2+/H+ antiport. This agonist-mediated acidification represents a previously undescribed ionic event in VSMC activation which may be involved in excitation-response coupling.

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