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J Biol Chem. 1987 Mar 15;262(8):3844-51.

Molecular cloning and characterization of cDNA for human myeloperoxidase.


Partial amino acid sequence of human myeloperoxidase was determined, and a 41-base oligonucleotide containing deoxyinosines at four positions was chemically synthesized. By using the oligonucleotide as a probe, cDNA clones for human myeloperoxidase were isolated from a cDNA library constructed with mRNA from human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. One of the clones containing a 2.6-kilobase insert was subjected to nucleotide sequence analysis. The sequence was found to contain an open reading frame, 2,235 nucleotides coding for a protein of 745 amino acids with a calculated Mr of 83,868. The heavy chain of myeloperoxidase, consisting of 467 amino acids, was located on the COOH terminus half of the protein. The RNA specified by the cDNA was prepared using SP6 RNA polymerase and translated in rabbit reticulocyte lysates, and the product was identified as human myeloperoxidase by immunoprecipitation with rabbit anti-human myeloperoxidase antibody. By Northern hybridization analysis of RNA from leukemic cells, it was shown that myeloperoxidase mRNA is abundantly expressed in human promyelocytic HL-60 and mouse myeloid leukemia NFS-60 cells. Furthermore, the results of Southern hybridization analysis of human genomic DNA suggest that there are one or two genes for myeloperoxidase in the human haploid genome.

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