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J Virol. 1987 Feb;61(2):480-90.

Complete nucleotide sequence of a milk-transmitted mouse mammary tumor virus: two frameshift suppression events are required for translation of gag and pol.


We sequenced two recombinant DNA clones constituting a single provirus of the milk-transmitted mouse mammary tumor virus characteristic of BR6 mice. The complete provirus is 9,901 base pairs long, flanked by 6 base-pair duplications of cellular DNA at the site of integration. Five extensive blocks of open reading frame corresponding to the gag gene, the presumed protease, the pol and env genes, and the open reading frame orf within the long terminal repeat of the provirus were readily discernible. Translation of gag, protease, and pol involved three different translational reading frames to produce the three overlapping polyprotein precursors Pr77, Pr110, and Pr160 found in virus-infected cells. Synthesis of the reverse transcriptase and endonuclease therefore required two separate frameshifts to suppress the termination codons at the ends of the Pr77 and Pr110 domains. Direct evidence is presented for translational readthrough of both stop codons in an in vitro protein synthesis system.

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