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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Oct;83(20):7673-7.

all-trans-Retinal stimulates superoxide release and phospholipase C activity in neutrophils without significantly blocking protein kinase C.


all-trans-Retinal was previously shown to stimulate high levels of superoxide release by guinea pig neutrophils. When the cells, previously labeled with [3H]inositol, are treated with all-trans-retinal, they exhibit a decrease in the levels of [3H]inositol phospholipids and an increase in the accumulation of [3H]inositol phosphates. The maximal accumulation of inositol phosphates and the optimal rate of superoxide release occurred together at approximately 7 min after stimulation. The levels of [3H]inositol phosphates accumulated were comparable to those observed when the cells were stimulated with a chemotactic peptide. In direct measurements, using concentrations that stimulate intact cells maximally, all-trans-retinal was found not to inhibit protein kinase C from the cytosol of neutrophils significantly. This contrasts with the situation with this kinase obtained from other sources. These observations represent additional effects of vitamin A on cells.

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