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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1986 Sep 12;878(2):238-42.

Quantitative role of different embryonic tissues in mevalonate metabolism by sterol and nonsterol pathways. Relationship with enzyme activities of cholesterogenesis.

Abstract

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, mevalonate kinase, mevalonate-5-phosphate kinase and mevalonate-5-pyrophosphate decarboxylase activities have been determined in brain, liver, intestine and kidneys from 19-day-old chick embryo. Levels of brain reductase and decarboxylase were clearly higher than those found in the other tissues assayed. However, only small differences were observed in the activity of both kinases among the different tissues. Mevalonate metabolism by sterol and nonsterol pathways has been investigated in chick embryo at the same developmental stage. Mevalonate incorporation into total nonsaponifiable lipids was maximal in liver, followed by intestine, brain and kidneys. The shunt pathway of mevalonate not leading to sterols was negligible in both brain and liver, while a clear CO2 production was observed in intestine and kidneys. Sterols running in TLC as lanosterol and cholesterol were the major sterols formed from mevalonate by brain and kidney slices, while squalene and squalene oxide(s) were found to be mainly synthesized by liver slices. Minor differences in the percentage of different sterols were observed in chick embryo intestine. The importance of free and esterified cholesterol accumulation in the different tissues on the inhibition of cholesterogenic activity is discussed.

PMID:
3019412
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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