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Am J Physiol. 1986 Sep;251(3 Pt 2):H612-8.

Responses of ACTH, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and cardiovascular system to hemorrhage.

Abstract

Hemorrhages of various magnitudes were performed on conscious rats, and arterial pressure, heart rate, and plasma levels of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), epinephrine, and norepinephrine were measured. Eight rats were prepared with chronic femoral arterial cannulas and received a 10, 15, or 20 ml/kg X 3 min hemorrhage in random order on day 4, 7, or 10 after surgery. Mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and plasma ACTH, epinephrine, and norepinephrine concentrations were determined before and 20 min after hemorrhage. Arterial blood pressure decreased significantly immediately after each hemorrhage and slowly recovered over the next 20 min. Heart rate did not change during the 10 ml/kg X 3 min hemorrhage but decreased significantly after 15 and 20 ml/kg X 3 min hemorrhages. Plasma ACTH and epinephrine levels increased significantly 20 min after the 15 and 20 ml/kg X 3 min hemorrhages but not after 10 ml/kg X 3 min hemorrhage. Norepinephrine increased significantly 20 min after the 20 ml/kg X 3 min hemorrhage but not after the 10 or 15 ml/kg X 3 min hemorrhage. There was no significant effect of time and repeated hemorrhages on resting levels of plasma ACTH, epinephrine, norepinephrine, osmolality, or proteins. Since hemorrhage leads to a fall in arterial pressure and a subsequent rise in plasma ACTH, the relationship between plasma ACTH and mean arterial blood pressure during hemorrhage was examined in both conscious and acutely prepared pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
3019162
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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