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J Biol Chem. 1986 Sep 25;261(27):12841-9.

Arachidonic acid metabolism by canine tracheal epithelial cells. Product formation and relationship to chloride secretion.

Abstract

Canine tracheal epithelial cells freshly isolated from mongrel dog trachea were used to study relationships between arachidonic acid metabolism and chloride ion movement. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of the cell incubation media after the addition of A23187 showed the presence of prostaglandin H synthase and lipoxygenase-derived metabolites. The major prostaglandin H synthase metabolite identified by HPLC, gas chromatography, and mass spectrometry was prostaglandin (PG) D2. The major lipoxygenase metabolites were leukotriene (LT) C4 and LTB4. LTB4 was identified by HPLC, UV spectroscopy, and gas chromatography. Straight phase HPLC of the methyl esters indicated only a minor formation of LTB4 isomers. LTC4 was identified by HPLC, UV spectroscopy, and conversion to LTD4 by gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. Analysis by radioimmunoassays indicated approximately 1-2 ng of LTB4 and peptide LT formed by 10(6) cells after A23187 stimulation. The addition of ionophore A23187 caused a rapid release of arachidonic acid metabolites which was completed within 5 min of stimulation. Cl- secretion was measured in parallel studies of excised tracheas in Ussing chambers. Cl- secretion occurred at 2-3 min after the addition of ionophore, and the most rapid change occurred with the highest PGD2 concentrations. Indomethacin produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of PGD2 formation and Cl- movement. The addition of PGE2, PGD2, and PGH2 effectively stimulated Cl- secretion. LTC4 also stimulated Cl- secretion, but the stimulation was inhibited by indomethacin. These results indicate that canine tracheal epithelial cells metabolize arachidonic acid via both prostaglandin H synthase and lipoxygenase enzymes. It appears that endogenous PGD2 formation is the important variable controlling the Cl- ion movement in canine trachea.

PMID:
3017989
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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