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J Appl Bacteriol. 1986 Jun;60(6):501-11.

Peroxide sensitivity of cold-shocked Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli and its relationship to minimal medium recovery.


Cold-shocked Salmonella typhimurium displayed minimal medium recovery (MMR), viable counts on M9 minimal agar being much higher than those on tryptone soya yeast extract agar (TSYA). The addition of catalase to TSYA restored counts to the level found on M9 agar. Peroxide concentrations between 12 and 30 mumol/l were measured in TSYB but none was detected in M9 medium. Cold-shocked cells were sensitive to reagent hydrogen peroxide at a concentration similar to that found in TSYB. The minimal medium recovery phenomenon of cold-shocked cells is thus a manifestation of peroxide sensitivity. Changing the composition of growth media affected both cellular catalase activity and the magnitude of the MMR effect but the two properties were not directly related. Factors additional to cellular catalase activity must therefore affect susceptibility to peroxide following cold shock. Mutational loss of catalase, exonuclease III or recA-dependent DNA repair functions all increased the sensitivity of cold-shocked Escherichia coli to the inhibitory effects of peroxide present in rich medium. The peroxide resistant fraction of a cold-shocked population of Salm. typhimurium (i.e. those cells able to grow on TSYA) was more resistant to gamma radiation than the population as a whole. Cold shock thus sensitizes cells to more than one form of oxidative stress. Prior exposure of growing cells to 30 mumol/l hydrogen peroxide abolished their sensitivity to rich medium following cold shock implying that Salm. typhimurium contains an inducible system protecting against oxidative stress.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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